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By 18 months - Ages and Stages

By 18 months - Ages and Stages

The developmental milestones listed below mark the progress of young children as they learn to communicate and develop their speech and language skills.

You will find:

If your child is not meeting one or more of the developmental milestones or if you are concerned about your child's speech and language development please contact us at:



  • Tries to copy your sounds (sounds of our language)

  • Uses at least 20-50 words consistently; words do not have to be clear

  • Understands many more words than she can say

  • Understands simple directions or questions e.g. "Where is your nose?" "Get the ball."

  • Demonstrates some pretend play with toys e.g. "Give Teddy a drink"

  • Enjoys tickle, bounce and nursery rhymes

  • Makes at least four consonant sounds from p,b,m,n,d,t,w,h

  • Identifies pictures in a book e.g. "Show me the baby."

  • Enjoys being read to and looking at books

  • Points to familiar people

  • Understands the concepts of in and out, off and on

  • Points to three body parts when asked

  • Says "No"

  • Asks for something by pointing and using sounds or words

  • Imitates animal noises

  • Tries to get attention by calling out, repeating words and pointing

Things to try at home:
  • Have fun with action songs singing them over and over. Try songs like "Itsie Bitsie Spider", and "Little Rabbit Foo-Foo". Stop in the middle of the song and wait for your child to take a turn or do an action, then continue together.

  • Make a kitchen band! Take turns banging on different kitchen items: pots, pans, plastic containers. Talk about what you are doing and the different sounds.

  • Put objects in plastic containers and shake them. Open and close them, then dump them out. Use words like "in", "out" "more" and "shake" while you talk.

  • Take turns stacking blocks, cars, cups, and books. Then knock the towers down.

  • Put on your child's sock and say "Too small." Have your child try on your hat and you say "Too big, Mommy's hat!"- Try lots of other clothes too!

  • Pretend play: "Cooking" supper is a great pretend play. Use plastic bowls and wooden spoons, and cereal as food

  • Look at simple books. Read stories or talk about family photos. Your child should point at different pictures using one finger.

  • Likes to play with toys that make sounds and have buttons to push such as: Jack-In-The-Box, musical toys, and the remote.

  • Moves to music (Definitely dancing!).

  • Looks at you when you are talking and playing together.

Teachable Moments:
  • Point to, and name, body parts when dressing and at bath time.

  • Go for a walk. Point to and name the sounds your child hears.

  • Point to the things he/she sees.

  • Talk about what he/she is doing in simple words, repeating them over and over again

  • Read books together! Wait for your child to point to something on the page, say the word back to him/her, then add a little bit more. For example: "Bird, that's right…bird. The bird is flying."

Watch out for:
  • A child who is not trying to talk.

  • A child who snores or sounds nasal/congested even without a cold

  • Repeated ear infections that can affect your child's ability to learn.

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please call to refer your child (age two is not too soon!): 1-888-503-8885 or 613-283-2742
June 23, 2008 •
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